Thursday, April 24, 2014

JESSE LEE RENO (1823-1862)

Born on June 20, 1823 in Wheeling, Virginia (West Virginia), Jesse Lee Reno was the third oldest of eight children born to Lewis and Rebecca Reno. The spelling of "Reno' is an anglisized version of the French surname "Reynaud". Jesse's ancestors, having arrived in America in 1770, shortly changed the name to the phonetically simple "Reno".
Jesse's family moved to Franklin, Pennsylvania in 1830 where Jesse attended school and lived out his formative years. An area history describes Jesse as a boy "of handsome countenance, of medium stature, brave and quick in action, and a generous companion."
Jesse secured entrance to the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1842. Joining the class of 1846, Jesse would develop friendships with fellow classmates, George B. McClellan, George E. Pickett, George Stoneman, Darius Couch and Thomas J. Jackson. He would graduate eighth in his class of 59 on July 1, 1846, and was at once promoted brevet 2d lieutenant of ordnance.
During the War with Mexico in 1847 Lt. Reno commanded a Rocketry and Mountain Howitzer battery and fought in the battles Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Chumbusco, and Chapultepee, and in the siege of Vera Cruz. Reno was cited for "Gallant and Meritorious Conduct" and awarded the rank of Brevet First Lieutenant for his action at the Battle of Cerro Gordo on April 18, 1847. He would again be cited for bravery and breveted a Captain for his action at Chapultepec and Mexico City on September 13, where he commanded a howitzer battery, and was severely wounded.
Reno's years between the Mexican War and the Civil War were spent at many posts throughout the country, including a brief stint as an assistant professor of mathematics at West Point from January till July, 1849. He was secretary of a board to prepare a system of instruction for heavy artillery in 1849-50 and was assistant to the Ordnance Board in Washington DC in 1851-53, where he met his wife-to-be Mary Bradley Beanes Cross. Promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant on March 3, 1853, Reno was given orders to conduct a road survey from the mouth of the Big Sioux River to Mendota, Minnesota. The survey took 2 1/2 months and laid out a route that was 279 miles long. Reno returned to Washington in the fall of 1853 to collate and compile his report.
On November 1, 1853 he wed Mary Cross at St John's Episcopal Church in Washington D.C.
Reno then spent several years as an ordnance officer at Frankford Arsenal, northeast of Philadelphia. In June of 1857 he was assigned as commander of an expedition to the Utah territories. The long two year assignment ended in 1859 when Reno was assigned as commander of the Mount Vernon Arsenal in Mobile, Alabama, until its seizure by the Confederates on January 4, 1861, when Reno's small force of 18 men overwhelmed without bloodshed by four companies of state militia. The state troops had been ordered by Alabama's Governor Andrew B. Moore to gain control of the post. A full week before Alabama seceded from the Union, the Civil War had come to then Captain Jesse L. Reno.
On July 1, 1860, he was promoted captain for fourteen years' continuous service. From February 2 until December 6, 1861, he was in charge of the arsenal at Leavenworth, Kansas
After being promoted to the rank of Brigadier General of volunteers by General Ambrose Burnside on November 12, 1861, Reno was given command of the 2nd Brigade. He trained and organized five regiments: the 21st Massachusetts, 51st New York, 51st Pennsylvania, 9th New Jersey, and the 6th New Hampshire. Reno's brigade actively participated in Burnside's North Carolina Expedition from February through July of 1862, where he led an attack against Fort Bartow, and the battles of New Berne and Camden. The Federals set out to capture Roanoke Island with nineteen warships, forty-eight transports, and 13,000 troops, leaving the rest of the forces at Hatteras Inlet. The fleet bombarded Fort Bartow on February 7, staying out of range of the other two forts, and skirmished with the seven vessels of CSN Flag Officer W. F. Lynch's "mosquito fleet." Burnside landed 4,000 men that afternoon at Ashby's Harbor, three miles south of Fort Bartow and by midnight had 10,000 men ashore. The Confederates guarding the shore retired to the Suple's Hill earthwork without opposing the Federals. In Burnside's attack the next morning US Brigadier General John G. Foster's brigade assaulted the works but were pinned down under heavy fire. US Brigadier General Jesse L. Reno's brigade slogged through a swamp on the Confederate right and charged the fort. The Confederates abandoned the redoubt, retreated north up the causeway, and CS Colonel Henry M. Shaw and 2,500 troops surrendered.
From April to August, 1862, he was in command of a division in the Department of North Carolina, and on July 18 he was commissioned major-general of volunteers.
On July 12, 1862, Reno was promoted to Major General and given Command of the IX Corps. In August Reno, under the command of General John Pope, would directly oppose his friend and classmate, "Stonewall" Jackson at the Second Battle of Bull Run and Chantilly.
On September 12, the IX Corps spent the day and evening in Frederick Maryland. Reno and three of his Divisions were sent on to Middletown at the foot of South Mountain on the morning of the 13th. September 14 saw Pleasanton’s cavalry facing strong enemy opposition at South Mountain's Fox's Gap. He immediately asked Reno for infantry support and at 6 a.m. Reno sent his Fourth Division into the Gap. The Division commander General Jacob Cox met heavy opposition and passed word back to Reno for reinforcements.
By late in the afternoon, Reno's entire IX Corps was up at Fox's gap being personally directed by the General. Moving forward the Corps began driving the Confederates from Fox's Gap. Two hours into the attack, the advance stalled along the right flank. Reno rode forward with his staff to determine the cause of the delay. Rather than go directly to the right flank, Reno chose to start at his left and ride along the entire front length of his line, commending his troops for their excellent progress and battle conduct. About halfway across the line and in an exposed position, Reno stopped to observe the enemy's position with a telescope. Musket fire suddenly erupted from the confederate line and Reno was struck by a bullet that lodged in his chest. He was carried to the rear, where he saw his classmate and friend General Samuel Sturgis. Reno spoke to him and said "Hallo Sam, I am dead!” Sturgis thought Reno was joking and replied, “OH no, General, not so bad as that I hope", to which Reno responded: "Yes, yes, I'm dead-goodbye!"
Reno was carried down the mountain and placed under a large oak tree where he was cared for by his surgeon, Dr. Calvin Cutter. At about 7 p.m. General Reno uttered his last words, "Tell my command that if not in body I will be with them in spirit."
General Ambrose Burnside eulogized General Reno when he issued General Order No. 17, announcing the loss of their leader to the IX Corps. "The commanding general announces to the corps the loss of their late leader, Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno. By the death of this distinguished officer the country loses one of its most devoted patriots, the army one of its most thorough soldiers. In the long list of battles in which General Reno has fought in his country's service, his name always appears with the brightest luster, and he has now bravely met a soldier's death while gallantly leading his men at the battle of South Mountain. For his high character and the kindly qualities of his heart in private life, as well as for the military genius and personal daring which marked him as a soldier, his loss will be deplored by all who knew him, and the commanding general desires to add the tribute of a friend to the public mourning for the death of one of the country's best defenders."
While crossing Antietam Creek near Burnside's Bridge on Sept. 17, 1862, the IX Corps began to chant "Remember Reno!"
Jesse L. Reno also was remembered in Nevada, where the city of Reno was named after him.

Friday, April 18, 2014

1422 Membership Form

Attention Brothers! Serious shit. I need everyone (that means you) to get one of these forms and fill it out. By tomorrow every board will member will have a stack of these and there will be some behind the bar at Harrys Bar, just ask the bar tender. We need as many of these filled out and returned before we go to Grand Council next month. Thank you all for your continued support.
1422 Membership Form

The Outlook

People wandered through the debris of Virginia City, yesterday, with such a look in their faces as men and women wear when they gather around a coffin to look upon one who in life was very dear, but gone forever. It was a look simply at the remains. Probably the burning over of no other half mile square in the world would have inflicted so much misery, near and remote, as a half mile square that had been swept by fire here. In most places, the ruins are still too hot to admit of any attempt at rebuilding, but here and there lumber is being salvaged, and no doubt within a day or two the sound of the saw and hammer will begin to (unreadable). In this course we trust the authorities will not delay ordering a new survey of the city, that uniform grades may be established, streets straightened and widened where possible, and boundaries definitely defines. No other so good an opportunity for this most necessary work will ever be presented.
The most anxious questions yesterday were, "Is the Ophir shaft safe?" and " how long will it take to start the cages in the Consolidated Virginia shaft?" This latter question cannot yet be answered.  some very long and heavy timbers are required for foundations, which can not be flumed down the Sierra, but must be hauled on wagons. There were six inches of snow in the mountains yesterday, and it snowed heavily last night. Should the weather remain cold, and other storms follow soon, the getting of the timbers might prove a serious matter, but if the present weather clears and keeps open, as usual at this season of the year for a month, it will be all right. No estimates can yet be made of the extent of the damage to the boilers and heavy engines of the mills and hoisting works - whether they can be saved in part, or whether they are wholly ruined. Everything was too hot yesterday to permit of any examinations. Next to the homeless ones, the machinery of the different works is the most pittiable sight to be seen amid the universal wreck. They are but scarred and shapeless ruins now. But three days ago they were titans, so radiant with movement and strength that they almost seemed alive. It is rash to make predictions, but we believe that possibly with in sixty days, and probably within ninety, we shall again post the regular reparations of the big monsters, and know that the old stream of wealth to again in full flow. We have not seen a business man who is not determined to resume as soon as a tent can be pitched, and not one who thinks of changing Virginia City for another field. Amid what looks as if it ought to be enough to cause universal despair, there seems to be a brave confidence and unflinching determination to overcome the present misfortune.

-Taken from the Daily Territorial Enterprise newspaper after the Virginia City fire in October 1875.

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Lucinda Jane Saunders #1881 Do-ins

Thee Noble Grand Humbug Mike “Big Mike” Sea formally invites all Red Shirts of Good Standing to join him and his Officers of Equal Indignity for a little Mule's Relief in Austin, Nevada for LJS #1881.
Come and partake the brotherhood while enjoying the tomfoolery of all the Poor Blind Candidates!

Would you like to prepay your Rub? There are 2 ways to do so!
You can mail your check to:
Lucinda Jane Saunders #1881
P.O. Box 544
Elko, NV 89801

or you can send it via PayPal to: